Volume 27, Issue 2 (Spring 2021)                   Horizon Med Sci 2021, 27(2): 148-163 | Back to browse issues page


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Mohammadzadeh F, Delshad Noghabi A, Bazeli J, Karimi H, Aalami H. Stressors and Coping Strategies During the Outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Among Hospital Staff: A Case Study in Iran. Horizon Med Sci. 2021; 27 (2) :148-163
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-3560-en.html
1- Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Health, Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran. , fmhz.uni@gmail.com
2- Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
3- Department of Medical Emergencies, Social Development & Health Promotion Research Center, School of Nursing, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
4- Department of Occupational Health, School of Health, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
5- Department of Clinical Research Development Unit, Bohlool Hospital, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
Abstract:   (440 Views)
Aims: The emergence of COVID-19 disease has created significant stress and anxiety for health care workers. This study aimed to investigate the stressors and coping strategies in the staff of Allameh Bohlool Hospital in Gonabad City, Iran, during the outbreak of the COVID-19 disease.
Methods & Materials: This cross-sectional study was performed on 252 employees of Allameh Bohlool Hospital in Gonabad from March 2020 to April 2020. Study tools included a brief form of coping styles (Brief-COPE) and a researcher-made questionnaire of stressors due to the emergence of COVID-19 among health care workers. The obtained data were analyzed using linear regression and ordinal regression models at the significance level of 0.05.
Findings: About 74.2%, 69.4%, 52.7%, 52.7%, and 99.2% of the hospital staff had moderate to high stress in the domains of internal, family-social, workplace-related, infection control, and government measures, respectively. The degree of using adaptive and maladaptive coping styles used by staff were 52.0% and 23.8% at the moderate to the high level, respectively. Maladaptive coping styles had a positive and significant relationship with stress intensity so that for each unit increase in maladaptive coping score, the odds of experiencing higher levels of stress increased 1.24 to 1.45 times (P<0.001). Also, the odds of experiencing higher levels of stress in those who had sports activities was 24% to 76% lower (P=0.003).
Conclusion: The findings of the present study indicated a high level of stress among hospital staff. Also, the use of maladaptive coping styles and sports activities had a significant positive and negative relationship with stress intensity, respectively. Therefore, designing effective interventions focusing on reducing maladaptive coping patterns among hospital staff and encouraging people to engage in sports activities can help manage stress as much as possible due to the outbreak of COVID-19 disease.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Mental Health
Received: 2020/07/28 | Accepted: 2020/11/11 | Published: 2021/04/1

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