Volume 27, Issue 1 (Winter 2020)                   Horizon Med Sci 2020, 27(1): 114-129 | Back to browse issues page


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Ebrahimi Meymand H A, Askarizadeh G, Bagheri M, Arabnejad M. The Role of Spiritual Intelligence, Sense of Coherence, and Cognitive Flexibility as Internal Resources in Predicting Perceived Stress in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis. Horizon Med Sci. 2020; 27 (1) :114-129
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-3528-en.html
1- Neurological Diseases Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran.
3- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran. , maryamarabnejad@ens.uk.ac.ir
Abstract:   (871 Views)
Aims: Stress is one of the significant factors contributing to the onset, exacerbation, and recurrence of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) that imposes high costs on society and people. The present study aims to assess the role of spiritual intelligence, sense of coherence, and cognitive flexibility (internal resources) in predicting perceived stress in patients with MS.
Methods & Materials: In this descriptive/correlational study, 156 patients with MS were selected as samples using a convenience sampling method. The participants completed the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Inventory (SISRI), Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC), and Cognitive Flexibility Inventory (CFI). The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (stepwise regression analysis) in SPSS v. 24.
Findings: Transcendental awareness (a component of SISRI), meaningfulness (a component of SOC), and perception of controls and alternatives (components of CFI) predicted perceived stress in MS patients.
Conclusion: In stress management program, internal resources education can help reduce perceived stress in patients with MS.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Mental Health
Received: 2020/05/7 | Accepted: 2020/10/3 | Published: 2021/01/1

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