Volume 27, Issue 3 (Summer - In press 2021)                   Horizon Med Sci 2021, 27(3): 302-317 | Back to browse issues page


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Mahmoudian A S, Jaras M, Jarhi A, Khajavi A, Mircheraghi S F. The Prevalence of Bacteruria and Its Relationship With ABO Blood Group in Pregnant Women. Horizon Med Sci. 2021; 27 (3) :302-317
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-3360-en.html
1- Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
2- Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. , m.jaras@arakmu.ac.ir
3- Department of General Education, School of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
4- Department of Social Medicine and Health, Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, School of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
5- Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
Abstract:   (612 Views)
Aims: Blood Group Antigens (ABO) are present on the surface of all cells, including urinary tract cells. Besides, they are a predisposing factor for infection in various parts of the body. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of bacteriuria and its relationship with different blood groups.
Methods & Materials: This descriptive-analytical (cross-sectional) study was performed in 2019 on 400 pregnant women who were selected by convenience sampling method. For each pregnant woman referring to Allameh Behlool Hospital in Gonabad City, Iran, a form including patients’ demographic characteristics, medical history, and blood type was completed. Data analysis was performed in SPSS using descriptive statistics and the Chi-squared test. The significance level of the tests was considered P<0.05.
Findings: Of the explored 400 pregnant women with a Mean±SD age of 27.31±5.9 years, 58 were bacterially positive. There was a significant relationship between bacteriuria and ABO blood groups (P=0.001). The examined pregnant women with blood groups O (48.3) and B (29.3) were at higher risk of bacteriuria. There was a significant relationship between bacteriuria and gestational age (P=0.016); accordingly, 56.9% of the study subjects with bacteriuria were in the third trimester. There was no significant relationship between bacteriuria and educational level (P=0.944), and place of residence (P=0.494).
Conclusion: The prevalence of bacteriuria among referred pregnant women was measured to be 14.5%. Moreover, pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy with blood types O and B were at higher risks for bacteriuria. Therefore, considerations, such as advising this group about the susceptibility to bacteriuria and urinary tract infections, personal hygiene, and faster referral for diagnostic and therapeutic measures if presenting symptoms, as well as informing doctors and obstetricians about this condition and help to make faster decisions are recommended in this respect.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Received: 2019/07/28 | Accepted: 2021/04/4 | Published: 2021/07/1

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