Volume 25, Issue 4 (Autumn 2019)                   Horizon Med Sci 2019, 25(4): 282-297 | Back to browse issues page


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Sadri Damirchi E, Honarmand Ghojebegloo P, Amir S M B, Gholizade B. Predicting Risk-Taking Behaviors Based on the Role of Perceived Social Support Components, Emotional Expression and Brain- Behavioral Systems in Addicts. Horizon Med Sci. 2019; 25 (4) :282-297
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-3237-en.html
1- Predicting Risk-Taking Behaviors Based on the Role of Perceived Social Support Components, Emotional Expression and Brain- Behavioral Systems in Addicts , e.sadri@uma.ac.ir
2- Predicting Risk-Taking Behaviors Based on the Role of Perceived Social Support Components, Emotional Expression and Brain- Behavioral Systems in Addicts
Abstract:   (934 Views)
Aims The prevalence of risk-taking behaviors is a severe health threat. According to rapid social changes, it has recently been considered by health organizations, law enforcement, and social policymakers. The present study aimed to predict risk-taking behaviors based on the role of perceived social support components, emotional expression, and brain-behavioral systems in substance-dependent patients.
Methods & Materials This was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical population of the study included all substance-dependent patients referring to substance dependence treatment centers in Ardabil City, Iran, in 2018. In total, 113 substance-dependent patients were selected by convenience sampling method. The study instruments included Rajaee and shafiee's Risk-Taking Behaviors Questionnaire, Zimet's Multiple Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), King, and Emmons's Emotional Expressiveness Questionnaire (EEQ), and Carver and White's Brain-Behavioral Systems Questionnaire (BIS/BAS). The obtained data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and simultaneous-entry multiple regression analysis in SPSS.
Findings The achieved results suggested a significant negative correlation between perceived social support from family, friends, and others, with the risk-taking behaviors of substance-dependent patients (P<0.01). There was a significant positive correlation between negative emotional expression and the risk-taking behaviors of substance-dependent patients among emotional expressiveness components (P<0.01). Moreover, among the components of brain-behavioral systems, there was a significant positive correlation between behavioral activation system and risk-taking behaviors (P<0.01). Additionally, the regression analysis results revealed that approximately 49% of the total variance of risk-taking behaviors of patients with substance dependence was predicted based on perceived social support components, emotional expression, and brain-behavioral systems (P<0.001).
Conclusion In general, perceived social support from family and friends, negative emotional expression, and behavioral activation system can predict risk-taking behaviors in substance-dependent patients. 
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Mental Health
Received: 2019/02/21 | Accepted: 2019/08/10 | Published: 2019/10/1

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