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:: Volume 25, Issue 1 (Winter 2019) ::
Horizon Med Sci 2019, 25(1): 8-15 Back to browse issues page
The Causal Relationship between Attachment Styles and Marital Satisfaction Through Meditation of Dependence on Cell Phone in Nurses in Ahvaz City: Providing a Proposed Model
K. Azemi1 , GH.H. Maktabi 2, Y. Garavand3 , M. Amini3
1- Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Shahid Chamran University Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran , ghmaktabi@gmail.com
3- Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Shahid Chamran University Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (461 Views)
Aims: Humans have biological demands for forming attachment to social partners and it seems that dependence can be inhuman and inanimate purposes such as cell phone. Therefore, the present study examined the predictors of marital satisfaction in the form of a causal model. In this regard, attachment styles were considered as exogenous variables, cell phone dependency, intermediate variables, and marital satisfaction of exogenous variables.
Method & Methods: The research method was correlation of the type of path analysis. The statistical population consisted of all nurses of Ahvaz hospitals in 2018, that 240 nurses were selected by multi-stage random sampling method. The research tools were the attachment style scales; dependence on cell phone and marital satisfaction. To evaluate the proposed model, the SPSS version 23 and AMOS version 22 were used and the bootstrap method was used to determine the significance of indirect relationships.
Findings: The findings indicated that secure attachment both directly (p <0.001) and through mediating the dependence on cell phone, which was a negative predictor of marital satisfaction (p <0.001). Also, secure attachment is a significant negative predictor of cell phone dependency (p <0.001). In addition, insecure attachment was a positive and significant predictor for dependence on cell phone (p <0.001), and mediates the relationship between dependence on cell phone and marital satisfaction (p <0.001). Finally, cell phone dependency was a significant negative predictor of marital satisfaction (p <0.001).
Conclusion: In general findings showed that insecure attachment is more susceptible to using cell phones than those who have a secure attachment to fill their attachment emotional emptiness. This in turn leads to harmful effects on marital satisfaction of couples in families.
Keywords: Attachment: [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/?term=Attachment], Cell Phone: [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/?term=cell+phone], Nurses: [ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/?term=Nurses]
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Mental Health
Received: 2018/08/8 | Accepted: 2018/10/16 | Published: 2018/12/22
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Azemi K, Maktabi G, Garavand Y, Amini M. The Causal Relationship between Attachment Styles and Marital Satisfaction Through Meditation of Dependence on Cell Phone in Nurses in Ahvaz City: Providing a Proposed Model. Horizon Med Sci . 2019; 25 (1) :8-15
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-3093-en.html


Volume 25, Issue 1 (Winter 2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی افق دانش The Horizon of Medical Sciences
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