Volume 24, Issue 3 (Summer 2018)                   Horizon Med Sci 2018, 24(3): 166-171 | Back to browse issues page

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Mojalli M, Pirooz A, Sajjadi M. Effect of Temperature Equalization of Intravenous Administration with Body Temperature on Occurrence of Phlebitis. Horizon Med Sci. 2018; 24 (3) :166-171
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-2943-en.html
1- Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center & Medical- Surgical Nursing Department, Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
2- Student Research Committee & Medical- Surgical Nursing Department, Nursing & Midwifery Faculty, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran. , apirooz3ca@gmail.com
Abstract:   (794 Views)
Aims: IV catheter insertion is the most common invasive hospital procedure and its complications are costly for the health care system and patients. Phlebitis, or inflammation of the vein, is an important cause of premature catheter failure. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of temperature equalization of intravenous administration with body temperature on occurrence of phlebitis.
Materials & Methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted among 106 patients admitted to internal wards of Imam Ali hospital in Sarayan, Iran in 2016 and required intravenous administration. The patients were divided randomly into intervention (53 cases) and control groups (53cases). In intervention group solutions and medications was infused by infusion pump SN-1500SERIAL at range of body normal temperature (37°c) and in control group at a mean temperature of 24°c. Insertion sites were observed every 2 hours for evidence of phlebitis according to Infusion Nursing Society Phlebitis. Data were collected by using information sheet and they were analyzed by using SPSS 22 software and T-test, Chi square test, Spearman test and regression test in Significance level less than 0.05.
Findings: There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of age, sex, education, marital status, underlying illness, addiction, BMI and mean of received volume. Also results showed no significant difference between the two groups in terms of occurrence of phlebitis (P=0.28). But it decreased at the first and second 24 hours in the intervention group.
Conclusion: Although temperature equalization of intravenous administration with body temperature have low  effect on occurrence of phlebitis in first  and second  days of intervention, but this study showed no significant evidence. Further study with lower and higher than body temperature is recommended.
 
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Diseases
Received: 2017/12/30 | Accepted: 2018/07/10 | Published: 2018/07/10

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