Volume 21, Issue 2 (Summer 2015)                   Horizon Med Sci 2015, 21(2): 141-146 | Back to browse issues page

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Eshghizadeh M, Moshki M, Majeedi Z, Abdollahi M. Modifiable Risk Factors on Preterm Birth: A Case-Control Study. Horizon Med Sci. 2015; 21 (2) :141-146
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-2091-en.html
1- “Social Development & Health Promotion Research Centre” and “Nursing Department, Nursing & Midwifery School”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
2- “Social Development & Health Promotion Research Centre” and “Public Health Department, Public Health School”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran , drmoshki@gmail.com
3- Student Research Committee, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
Abstract:   (2895 Views)

Aims: Preterm birth is an important unresolved issue that affected from biological, social, environmental stress and genetic factors. According to its importance, present study was conducted to identify of modifiable risk factor of preterm birth in Gonabad City, Iran. Materials & Methods: This case-control study was performed on 73 preterm and 160 term infants in 22th of Bahman Hospital of Gonabad City, Iran, in 2014. Sampling of case group was convenience and control group was random. Data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire from medical files and interviewing by mothers and then were analyzed by SPSS 18 and Chi-square, independent T, Exact Fisher, Kendall tau and logistic regression tests. Findings: Two groups were significantly different according to income levels, a history of premature birth, kind of delivery, occupation of father, location of residence, contribution in pregnancy classes (p<0.000), location of residence (p<0.001), number of children (p=0.046), unwanted pregnancy (p=0.005), mother's education level (p=0.042) and immigration status (p=0.012). A history of premature birth (OR=2.45 p=0.014), contribution in pregnancy classes (OR=2.81 p=0.007), income level (OR=0.068 p=0.002) and location of residence (OR=0.068 p=0.002) were predictors of preterm birth. Conclusion: A history of premature birth, contribution in pregnancy classes, income level and the location of residence were associated with chance of preterm birth.

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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Pediatrics
Received: 2014/11/21 | Accepted: 2015/05/24 | Published: 2015/05/24

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