Volume 18, Issue 2 (7-2012)                   Horizon Med Sci 2012, 18(2): 21-26 | Back to browse issues page

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hajavi J, Tolide-ie H R, Rastgoie Chavoshlu S, Salehi Rezve M, Modoodi Yaghooti M, Rahimi J. Do Rural and Urban Children Have Different Prevalence of Allergic Disorders in Gonabad?. Horizon Med Sci. 2012; 18 (2) :21-26
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-1452-en.html
1- Gonabad University of Medical Sciences , hamidreza.tolidei@gmail.com
2- Gonabad University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (6960 Views)
Background and Aim: Allergic diseases are among the most important health problems in childhood. In this study, we decided to compare the prevalence of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and eczema in rural and urban children in Gonabad. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Gonabad in 1390. 1626 urban and rural children aged 12-18 years participated in this study using multi-stage sampling. International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire (ISAAC) was used to evaluate the prevalence of allergic symptoms in children. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software version 16. The Chi-Square tests were used for comparison of qualitative variables between the two groups. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated to show the strength of association. A two-tailed analysis was considered statistically significant (p<0.05). Results: Of the 1626 students, 876 (53.8%) were boys and 751 (46.2%) were girls. Mean age of children was 14.5±1.8. 1219 (74.9%) of students were living in urban and 407 (25.1%) were living in rural areas. 617 (38%) of students had at least one allergic symptom at some time in their life and there was no statistical difference between rural and urban ones (p-value=0.141). However, a 12-month prevalence of rhinitis symptoms was significantly higher in urban children than that in rural ones (p-value=0.020). Conclusion: The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was higher in urban children than that in rural ones which may be related to urbanization risk factors.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Internal Medicine
Received: 2012/03/2 | Accepted: 2012/07/8 | Published: 2012/07/15

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