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Horizon Med Sci 2012, 17(4): 42-48 Back to browse issues page
Age of natural menopause and compare The incidence of its early complications in menopause transition stages in women from Gonabad city
Fariba Askari Ms.1, Kokab Basiri moghadam Ms.1, Mahdi Basiri moghadam Ms. 2, Shirin Torabi Ms.1, Somaye Gholamfarkhani Ms.3, Mahbobe Mohareri Ms.3, Shirin Mirakhorlo Ms.4
1- faculty member Gonabad University of medical Sciences
2- faculty member Gonabad University of medical Sciences , basiri1344@gmail.com
3- student Gonabad University of medical Sciences
4- Gonabad University of medical Sciences
Abstract:   (6748 Views)
Age of natural menopause and compare The incidence of its complications in menopause transition stages in women from Gonabad city Background and Objective: Menopause is a sign of the end of the reproductive capacity of women that It is caused by the permanent cessation of ovarian function and it Is a gradual process that Occurs for many women between the ages of 47 and 55 years, It has numerous side effects. This study was conducted to determine the age of natural menopause and compare The incidence of its complications in menopause transition stages in women from Gonabad city. Materials and Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study that was conducted in 1389 on the 398 women aged 40-55 from Gonabad city, Sampling was a stratified random. Inclusion criteria included: willingness to participate in the study - aged between 40-55 years - residing in Gonabad city, lack of physical illness, mental therapy, surgical removal of ovaries and uterus and no history of artificial menopause .The research instrument was a standard questionnaire(Greene Climacteric Scale). Data were analyzed by using spss software version 14 and Descriptive statistics, chi-square, t-student, ANOVA and Pearson Test. The level of statistical significance was p<0.05. Results: The results showed that 61.3% subjects were married, 3% unmarried, 2% divorced, 31.9% widows. The mean of weight was 61.94 ± 10.15, height 158.31 ± 5.6 cm, and BMI 24.65 ± 3.77. 30.2% were living in urban and 69.8% in rural areas. 95.2% were housewives, 1.8 workers, 2.3% employee, 0.3% retired and 0.5% domestic jobs. The mean of age 47.43 ± 4.37 years, Menarche age 13.56 ± 1.56 years and age of last menstrual period 45.93 ± 3.66 years. 10.3% subjects had a last menstrual Age less than 40 years and 89.7% more than 40 years. In the present study, the mean and median age of menopause was achieved 69/3 ± 34/46 و 4765.2% menopause women had at least one of the early complications of menopause. Nervousness was the most common complications of menopause (56%) and dizziness was lowest complication (20.4%). In pre-menopausal group, nervousness and headache, in Peri menopausal group joint pain and hot flashes, and in post menopausal group hot flashes and joint pain, respectively, as the most common side effects were reported. Conclusion: Age of menopause in this study is lower than other studies and early complications of menopause were high. With proper planning in order to correct the modifiable factors can increase the Age of natural menopause and reduce complications caused from it.
Keywords: Menopause, prevalence, Age, early complications, transition stages
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Internal Medicine
Received: 2011/06/23 | Accepted: 2012/02/4
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askari F, basiri moghadam K, basiri moghadam M, torabi S, gholamfarkhani S, mohareri M et al . Age of natural menopause and compare The incidence of its early complications in menopause transition stages in women from Gonabad city. Horizon Med Sci . 2012; 17 (4) :42-48
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-1175-en.html


Volume 17, Issue 4 (2-2012) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی افق دانش The Horizon of Medical Sciences
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