Volume 17, Issue 4 (2-2012)                   Horizon Med Sci 2012, 17(4): 49-59 | Back to browse issues page

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Morowatisharifabad M A, Momeni Sarvestani M, Barkhordari Firoozabadi A, Fallahzadeh H. Predictors of Unsafe Driving in Yazd City, Based on Protection Motivation Theory in 2010 . Horizon Med Sci. 2012; 17 (4) :49-59
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-1019-en.html
1- shahid sadooghi university of medical sciences ,Yazd .Iran
2- Daneshjoo Blvd-School of Health , momenisarvestani.marzieh@gmail.com
3- Daneshjoo Blvd-School of Health
Abstract:   (6993 Views)
Background and aim: Road traffic injury is one of the most significant global public health issues of the 21st century. The human factor appears as the most prevalent contributing factor of road traffic crashes. The purpose of this study was determining predictors unsafe driving in Yazd city, based on Protection Motivation Theory (PMT). Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, total number of 379,19 years old and above people, entered in the study with a clustered random sampling from population under cover of urban health care centers of Yazd. Data was collected with a self-report questionnaire and analyzed using T, correlation coefficient and regression tests. Results: The mean score of unsafe driving was 14.49 out of 85. The most reported unsafe driving behavior was becoming impatient with a slow driver in the outer land and over take on the inside (43.48 %). The occurrence of unsafe driving behaviors was higher among younger, male and single drivers. There was a significant correlation between unsafe driving with perceived self efficacy, response efficacy, severity, rewards, costs and unsafe driving intention.Protection Motivation Theory constructs explained 36.5 % of the variances in unsafe driving behaviors. Perceived rewards was the most important predictor (β=0.317). Conclusion: The result of the present study supported the effectiveness of Protection Motivation Theory in prediction of unsafe driving behavior in 19 years old and above people in Yazd city So it seems that PMT can be used as a conceptual framework for designing educational programs aimed to improve the driving style and decreasing road traffic accidents.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Laboratory Medicine
Received: 2011/02/8 | Accepted: 2012/02/4

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