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:: Volume 24, Issue 2 (spring 2018) ::
Horizon Med Sci 2018, 24(2): 132-138 Back to browse issues page
The Impact of Educational Intervention Based on Theory of Planned Behavior in Breast Self-Examination of Women Referred to Health Centers
M. Matlabi 1, A. Khajavi 1, F. Askari 2, M. Saberi 3
1- Assistant Professor in Health Education and Promotion, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
2- Ph.D. Student of Reproductive Health, Department of Midwifery and Nursing, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran.
3- MSc in Health Education and Promotion, Department of Health Education and Promotion, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran. , Maryam61sabery@gmail.com
Abstract:   (215 Views)

Aims: Monthly breast self-examination (BSE) is one method for early detection of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of educational intervention based on the theory of planned behavior in promoting BSE of women in Gonabad, IRAN.
Materials & Methods: In this clinical trial study, 140 married women aged 20–49 years from Gonabad were chosen randomly and divided into control and experimental groups. Educational needs were determined and the curriculum was developed and presented in 5 sessions. BSE behavior was studied using the constructs of planned behavior theory before, immediately and 3 months after training. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 20, using  ANOVA, T-test student, Chi-square and multivariate analysis of variance and significant level was set at α=05.0
Findings: The mean age of the subjects was 37.27 ± 6.69 years. After intervention, the average score of BSE skill increased from 17.89 to 18.26 and the mean scores of theoretical constructs in the intervention group increased significantly (P<0.001). The effect of the educational intervention was evaluated three months later, but changes were not significant in the control group (P>0.05).
Conclusion: This study showed that educational intervention based on the theory of planned behavior was effective in promoting BSE behaviors. Therefore, it is recommended that educational interventions to be designed specifically for and consistent with the constructs of the theory of planned behavior.
 

Keywords: Breast Cancer [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/68001943], Breast Self-Examination [https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/?term=breast+self-examination], Theory of Planned Behavior
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Received: 2016/06/3 | Accepted: 2018/01/13 | Published: 2018/05/8
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Matlabi M, Khajavi A, Askari F, Saberi M. The Impact of Educational Intervention Based on Theory of Planned Behavior in Breast Self-Examination of Women Referred to Health Centers. Horizon Med Sci . 2018; 24 (2) :132-138
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-2527-en.html


Volume 24, Issue 2 (spring 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی افق دانش The Horizon of Medical Sciences
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