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:: Volume 21, Number 4 (Special Issue 2015) ::
Horizon Med Sci 2015, 21(4): 123-128 Back to browse issues page
Purposes of Private Automobiles Round-Trips in Urban Areas; Reviewing the Traffic Management to Improve Public Health
Seyed Ali Sajadi1, Hamed Biglari2, Seyyed Behnam Mazloum Shahri3, homa shakeri *4
1- PhD “Social Determinants of Health Research Center” and “Environmental Health Engineering Department, Public Health Faculty”, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
2- MSc Environmental Health Engineering Department, Health Faculty, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
3- MSc Basic Sciences Department, Medical Faculty, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
4- MSc Student Research Committee,Environmental Health Engineering Department, Health Faculty, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran , shakerihoma6@gmail.com
Abstract:   (774 Views)

Aims: Some of the unavoidable results of traffic are stress increase, violence by the persons and especially by the drivers, and more air pollution. The aim of this study was to determine and analyze the destinations of urban travels with personal cars, as well as to determine the rate of the unnecessary travels with personal cars.

Instrument & Methods: In the analytic cross-sectional study, the population of personal cars travelling on Gonabad was studied in 2015. Five points on the city were selected as the sampling points. 400 persons, randomly selected, were studied. Data was collected using a researcher-made checklist including the demographic characteristics and some short questions. Data was analyzed by SPSS 19 software using Chi-square test.

Findings: There were significant correlations (p<0.05) between the travel destination and time interval (p=0.0001) and the driver’s gender (p=0.038). There were significant correlations between the number of the passengers of the personal cars and the driver’s gender (p=0.039) and the destination of the travel (p=0.0001). There was no significant correlation between the number of the passengers of the car and time interval (p=0.416), age level (p=0.319), job (p=0.27), educational level (p=0.537), the marital status of the driver (p=0.831), and the family income (p=0.882).

Conclusion: The rate of the utilization of personal cars and as one-passenger cars for non-work destinations is higher in the females than the males. Most of the work travels are done by one-passenger personal cars. Most of the non-work travels with personal cars are done by more than one passenger.

Keywords: Traffic, Personal Cars, Public Health, Urban Management
Full-Text [PDF 138 kb]   (576 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original | Subject: Mental Health
Received: 2016/01/16 | Accepted: 2016/07/16 | Published: 2016/07/16
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Sajadi S A, Biglari H, Mazloum Shahri S B, shakeri H. Purposes of Private Automobiles Round-Trips in Urban Areas; Reviewing the Traffic Management to Improve Public Health. Horizon Med Sci . 2015; 21 (4) :123-128
URL: http://hms.gmu.ac.ir/article-1-2419-en.html
Volume 21, Number 4 (Special Issue 2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله علمی پژوهشی افق دانش The Horizon of Medical Sciences
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